2006 issue 4

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Volume 15, issue 4

Review article

Eating disorders and the experience of sexual abuse in childhood - a review of research literature

Marta Makara-Studzińska1, JOLANTA ŻOGA1, Anna Grzywa1
1. Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii Akademii Medycznej w Lublinie
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2006; 15 (4): 297-276
Keywords: eating disorders, child maltreatment, sexual abuse

Abstract

Background. A review is presented of research on the relationship between sexual abuse in childhood and eating disorders (anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa) in later life.

Review. In a majority of reviewed studies such a relationship was found. Eating disorder severity was associated with experiencing also other kinds of violence in the same period. The need for distress reduction and attempts at regaining control over own body are regarded as a psychopathological mechanism underlying eating disorders.

Conclusions. The problem should be taken into account in clinical practice.

Address for correspondence:
Dr Marta Makara-Studzińska, Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii Akademii Medycznej,
ul. Gluska 1, 20-439 Lublin