2008 issue 4

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Volume 17, issue 4

Review article

Venous thromboembolism prevention and treatment in stroke patients

Jan Bembenek1,2
1. Katedra i Zakład Farmakologii Doświadczalnej i Klinicznej Warszawskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego
2. II Klinika Neurologiczna Instytutu Psychiatrii i Neurologii w Warszawa
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2008; 17 (4): 377-383
Keywords: deep vein thrombosis, stroke, prevention, treatment
Abstract

Background. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious complication of immobilization after stroke. Knowledge about VTE symptoms is necessary to initiate early treatment. The aim of this article is to overview recent approaches to this issue.
Views. Many methods, including laboratory tests and imaging techniques, are used in VTE diagnostics. Both pharmacological and mechanical methods are used in the prevention of this post-stroke complication. The treatment of VTE requires knowledge of appropriate management procedures. Since the first articles that appeared in the 1970s many new papers on VTE in post-stroke patients have been published.
Conclusions. In stroke patients the risk of VTE complication should be considered. Adequate prevention methods, early detection and proper treatment of venous thromboembolic complications reduce mortality rate.

Address for correspondence:
Jan Bembenek
II Klinika Neurologiczna, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii
ul. Sobieskiego 9, 02-957 Warszawa
e-mail: czlonkow@ipin.edu.pl
Tel.: 022-4582537
Fax.: 022-8424023