Archives 1992-2013

1993, volume 2, issue 1

Original article

Basic assumptions and solutions in contemporary classifications of mental disorders

Jacek Wciórka
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii, 1992, 2, 1-23

An evident progress has been noted in recent years as regards methodological basis of psychiatric diagnostics. Developement in all the three stages of the diagnostic process (phenomenological, nosological and taxonomic) has been expressed in contemporary classifications of mental disorders. Two of these classifications (DSM III-R, ICD-10) are particularly noteworthy not only due to their international range, but also to their novel methodological assumptions and practical solutions.

Original article

Sleep disorders - classification and clinical pattern

Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii, 1992, 2, 25-42

The existing knowledge about sleep disorders is systematized in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders by the criterion of pathophysiological mechanisms. The classification is to serve both diagnostic and epidemiological purposes. Four groups of disorders have been distinguished: (1) Dyssomnias, (2) Parasomnias, (3) Sleep Disorders Associated with Psychiatric and Medical Diseases, (4) Proposed Sleep Disorders. Dyssomnias and Parasomnias include major, primary sleep disorders. Particular sleep disorder categories are discussed in the classification in detail and from many viewpoints (symptoms, course and prognosis, underlying pathological mechanisms, complications, sleep EEG and other laboratory tests results, differential diagnosis, references). Objective assessment of typical symptoms is based on polygraphic recordings of sleep and wakefulness.

Original article

Some problems of eating disorders etiology and pathogenesis

Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii, 1992, 2, 59-72

An overview of theoretical explanations of both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa etiology is presented in the paper. In the theories individual psychological familial and socio-cultural factors affecting the onset and course of eating disorders are taken into account.