1996 issue 2

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Volume 5, issue 2

Varia

Assessment of selected memory junctions in the differential diagnosis of depression and diffuse brain damage

Krzysztof Jodzio1, Dariusz Wieczorek1, WIOLETTA RADZIWIŁŁOWICZ2
1. Katedry i Zakładu Rehabilitacji AM w Gdańsku
2. Instytutu Psychologii Uniwersytetu Gdańskiego
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii, 1996, 5, 177-184
Keywords: memory, depression, brain damage, differential diagnosis

Abstract

The study was aimed at establishing differences in immediate and delayed recall between patients with diffuse brain damage and those with endogenous depression. Subjects in the study were 21 brain damaged patients and 21 patients suffering from endogenous depression. The Benton Test, Digit Span, the complex figure of Rey, the Long-Term Memory subtest from the Choynowski Memory Scale and the MMSE were used. Memory impairment was found to be more pronounced in patient with brain damage than in those with depressive disorder: depressive patients' performance level was higher in delayed recall of both the auditory-verbal material (p<0.03) and in visuo-spatial tasks (p<0.04).

Address for correspondence:
Dr Krzysztof Jodzio, Katedra i Zakład Rehabilitacji AM,
ul. Dębinki 7,80-211 Gdańsk