1997 issue 4

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Volume 6, issue 4

Nerwice i zaburzenia osobowości koncepcje

Personality disorders in the light of the ICD-10

ANNA SAROL-KULKA1
1. II Kliniki Psychiatrycznej AM w Łodzi
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii, 1997, 6, 435-441
Keywords: personality disorders, classification, ICD-10

Abstract

Attempts to classify personality disorders have a long tradition. A number of tools, including inventories, self-rating scales, questionnaires, have been used to diagnose personality. In the 1960s studies on psychiatric diagnostics reliability and validity were launched, resulting in two currently co-existing broad classification systems, DSM-IV and ICD-10. Their shared characteristic is the striving to produce purely descriptive definitions of typical clinical syndromes that would be free from any theoretical assumptions. As regards ICD-10, among personality disorders, behavior disorders in adults were distinguished, while disorders of sexual preferences were separated from these of sexual identification. Moreover, some syndromes formerly considered as neurotic were included among personality disorders. The most controversial seems to be the introduction of the term "borderline personality" into the ICD-10.

Address for correspondence:
Dr Anna Sarol-Kulka,
Klinika Nerwic IPiN,
Al. Sobieskiego 1/9,
02-957 Warszawa