Dr. Halina Jankowska belongs to the generation of Polish psychiatrists that survived the World War I, witnessed the rebirth of independent Poland, and were active during difficult years of reconstruction between the two World Wars. She died during the Warsaw Uprising in the ruins of the St. John of God Mental Hospital, staying to the end with the patients in her charge. From the outset she joined her clinical psychiatric work with scientific research, including experimental animal studies. The main subject of her study was the problem of emotions. Dr. Jankowska – as one of the first authors – considered emotions to be related to biochemical changes, which is concordant with contemporary views on the neurophysiology of emotional processes. Chi/d psychology (eidetism) was a major area of her research. Her works on extramural care organization are also of considerable importance.