Perception of facial emotions and facial recognition were assessed in the following groups: S – non-chronic schizophrenic patients (n = 50), CS – chronic schizophrenics (n = 50), R – right brain-damaged patients (n = 30). L –left brain-damaged patients (n = 30), and H – healthy controls (n = 50). In the study MMSE, PANSS, Facial Emotion Labelling and Recognition Tests, and Facial Recognition Test were used. Patients from R group and schizophrenic patients revealed deficits of both facial emotion perception and facial recognition. These deficits were getting more severe with the duration of schizophrenic process. The facial recognition deficit was significantly smaller than that in facial emotion perception.