2002 suplement 3

Back

Volume 11, suplement 3

Review article

Stress - a physiological or pathological phenomenon?

JANUSZ HEITZMAN1
1. Zakładu Patologii Społecznej Katedry Psychiatrii Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego w Krakowie
Postępy Psychiatrii Neurologii, 2002, 11, suplement 3 (16), 27-34
Keywords: stress, posttraumatic stress disorder, acute stress disorder

Abstract

The findings of stress research conducted in the past decade, especially in the fields of neurobiology, neuro-endocrinology, pathophysiology, immunology and genetics, as well as determinants of PTSD and ASD diagnoses (in the DSM-IV and ICD-10), invalidate the traditional views on the nature of stress. Not only the so-called non-specific character of stress reaction may be regarded as doubtful, but also the division into psychological and physiological stress, or the existence of eustress (or "good stress"). The opinion becomes to prevail that there is one stress, and that its consequences are as much psychological as biological. Stress is a natural physiological reaction with pathological consequences, to which a more friendly psychological meaning is attributed.

Address for correspondence:
Dr Janusz Heitzman, Zakład Patologii Społecznej Katedry Psychiatrii Collegium Medicum Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, ul. Kopernika 21 a, 31-501 Kraków