Review – The authors present various approaches to the etiology and pathogenesis of reactive disorders, and describe the most common patterns of such disorders reported in the years 1950-1970 in prisoners serving their sentence and in those detained in custody for inquiry. Data reported by Uszkiewiczowa (1971) indicate a gradual decline both in the frequency and severity of reactive disorders, e.g. in the late 1960s as compared to 1950s. Similar conclusions can be drawn from research conducted at the Forensic Psychiatry Department concerning individuals submitted to hospital observation with view to forensic psychiatric expertise.
Conclusions – It is the authors' experience that in recent years reactive disorders are seen mostly in the form of neurotic reaction, while psychotic disorders are rare.