2006 issue 2

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Volume 15, issue 2

Review article

Social functioning and social disability - definitions, instruments, and clinical implications for psychiatry

JOANNA RYMASZEWSKA1, EWELINA DOBRZYŃSKA1, Andrzej Kiejna1
1. Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii Akademii Medycznej we Wrocławiu
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2006; 15 (2): 105-104
Keywords: social functioning, social disability, instruments, psychiatry

Abstract

Objectives. Terms referring to social functioning, together with concepts and definitions of social disability are discussed in the paper

Background. In the contemporary definition of health not only physical and mental health, but also social wellbeing of the individual are included. Thus, a need arises for an assessment of this sphere of life. Besides, interventions that would improve the patient's functioning in the community should be introduced in the therapeutic process. Attention is drawn to discrepancies between medical and legal definitions of disability and to the necessity of disability assessment criteria unification. Instruments for the measurement of social functioning disorders (useful in clinical, not only psychiatric practice) are briefly outlined.

Conclusions. Importance of the problem of social disability in people with mental disorders is emphasized, as well as the necessity of including social skills training in medical treatment standards.

Address for correspondence:
Dr hab. Joanna Rymaszewska, Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii Akademii Medycznej, ul. Pasteura 10, 50-367 Wrocław, tel. (71) 7841600, fax: (71) 7841602, e-mail: ankarym@psych.am.wroc.pl, www.psych.am.wroc.pl