Objective. The author presents and analyses characteristic events and attitudes of representatives of Polish psychology in the period of Stalinism.
Review. The article presents: (1) two key events in the post-war history of Polish psychology (the conventions held in Krynica and Wrocław); (2) reflections on the reasons why Polish psychologists assumed attitudes typical of the period ofStalinism; (3) exemplification of these attitudes in the form of a brief analysis ofpsychological articles published in the paper "Nowa Szkoła" ("Modern School") in the years 1950-1956.
Conclusions. The historical reflection leads to considerations concerning the determinants and consequences of fanatical attitudes in science.