2007 issue 3


Volume 16, issue 3

Review article

Posttraumatic stress disorder as a result of natural disasters

Agnieszka Stępień1, Krzysztof Małyszczak1
1. Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii Akademii Medycznej we Wrocławiu
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2007; 16 (3): 241-245
Keywords: PTSD, natural disaster


Objectives. Psychological consequences of natural disasters are outlined in the paper, and a variety offactors affecting the development and persistence of the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are discussed.
Review. The prevalence of PTSD resulting from cataclysms varies depending on the time interval between traumatic experiences and the diagnosis, as well as on the extent and duration of damage. Significant factors increasing the risk for PTSD include: intensity and suddenness of the disaster, loss or irreversible damage to the flat/house, and death of relatives due to the disaster.
Conclusions. PTSD symptoms persist longer in individuals who received neither economic nor psychological support.

Address for correspondence:
Dr Agnieszka Stępień
Katedra i Klinika Psychiatrii Akademii Medycznej
ul. Pasteura 10, 50-367 Wrocław
tel. (71) 7841565
fax: (71) 7841571
e-mail: a_stepien@o2.pl