Objectives. The study was aimed at outlining homo- and heterosexual individuals ' personality profiles, as well as differences concerning their psychological gender.
Method. The total of 152 respondents participated in the study. The homosexual orientation group consisted of 59 men and 31 women, while the control group representing heterosexual orientation included 31 men and 31 women. The Costa and McCrae NEO-FFI and the Psychological Gender Questionnaire by Kuczyńska were used.
Results. In both genders personality profiles were found to differ depending on the respondent 's sexual orientation. Homosexual women as compared to heterosexual females were characterized by higher neuroticism and conscientiousness (p = 0.001). The level of conscientiousness was also significantly higher in homosexual men than in their heterosexual counterparts (p = 0.018). Homosexual individuals more often represent the androgynic type of psychological gender, associated with their self-image including characteristics socially attributed both to males and females.
Conclusions. Some personality dimensions were found to differentiate between individuals with homo- or heterosexual orientation. The findings require verification in further study on a more numerous sample.