2008 issue 4


Volume 17, issue 4

Original article

Health locus of control, self-efficacy and optimism in patients with multiple sclerosis

Magdalena Agnieszka Wrzesińska1, Katarzyna Opuchlik2, Józef Kocur1,3
1. Zakład Rehabilitacji Psychospołecznej UM w Łodzi
2. Klinika Chorób Wewnętrznych i Rehabilitacji Kardiologicznej USK nr 5 w Łodzi
3. Zakład Psychopatologii i Psychologii Klinicznej UŁ
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2008; 17 (4): 313-318
Keywords: health locus of control, sense of self-efficacy, optimism, multiple sclerosis


Objectives. The aim of the study was to evaluate health locus of control as well as self-efficacy and optimism levels in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Methods. Participants in the study were 42patients (15 M, 27 F) aged 20-56 (mean age 39.43 years), diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). The parameters and traits under study were assessed using the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, Generalized SelfEfficacy Scale, and Life Orientation Test.
Results. A majority of the MS patients shared belief that their health depends on other people, especially on medical staff. Almost 60% of the examined patients had a strong sense of self-efficacy, while 42.8% - a high optimism level.
Conclusions. External health locus of control was found to predominate among MS patients. In most cases their sense of self-efficacy was strong, and a majority manifested a high level of optimism.

Address for correspondence:
Dr Magdalena Wrzesińska
Zakład Rehabilitacji Psychospołecznej UM
Pl. Hallera 1, 90-647 Łódź
tel. 042-639-33-24
e-mail: magdalena.wrzesinksa@poczta.onet.pl