Objective. The reviewpresents current opinions and knowledge on etiology, pathogenesis, clinical symptoms and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also namedpseudotumor cerebri.
Review. IIH is a polyetiological syndrome of increased intracranialpressure without brain tumors or CNS infections. Persistent head-aches and vision disturbances are the pivotal clinical symptoms.
Conclusions. Since the IIH pathogenesis is unknown, treatment of the condition is mainly symptomatic with diuretics (acetazolamide). In rare cases of rapidly progressingpapilloedema involving a risk of blindness surgical treatment is recommended.