2011 issue 3

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Volume 20, issue 3

Original paper

Psychoeducation for patients with schizophrenia – a preliminary analysis of psychoeducational sessions methodology

Małgorzata Chądzyńska1, Joanna Meder1, Katarzyna Charzyńska1, Anna Drożdżyńska1
1. Klinika Rehabilitacji Psychiatrycznej, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii, Warszawa
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2011; 20(3): 201-206
Keywords: schizophrenia, psychoeducation

Abstract

Objectives. The aim of the study was to analyze methodology and topics of psychoeducational sessions for patients with schizophrenia.
Method. In this cross-sectional study 16 therapists responded to a questionnaire concerning the settings and methods they used in psychoeducational sessions.
Results. No significant differences between therapists were found regarding the techniques and contents of psychoeducational sessions. The most frequently reported topics included: providing information about the illness and its pharmacological treatment, as well as training in social skills and coping with stress. The problems encountered in family psychoeducation concerned the family members' sense of guilt and inability to accept the illness, their avoiding talking about the illness, as well as the therapists' difficulty in communicating with families.
Conclusions. Psychoeducation should not only provide information about the illness, but also include therapeutic techniques aimed at minimization of consequences of the illness in everyday life. Careful qualification to particular groups it is necessary, taking into account the patient's clinical status and his/her attitude to the illness. In family psychoeducation family members' individual ways of coping with the burden of the patient's illness should be considered.

Address for correspondence:
Dr Małgorzata Chądzyńska
Klinika Rehabilitacji Psychiatrycznej Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii
ul. Sobieskiego 9; 05-957 Warszawa
e-mail: malgorzata.cha@wp.pl
tel: 022-45-82-521