2012 issue 1

Back

Volume 21, issue 1

Review article

Causes of intracerebral hemorrhage – an epidemiological perspective

Adam Perenc1
1. Oddział Neurologii, Pododdział Leczenia Udaru Mózgu, Szpital Wojewódzki nr 2, Rzeszów
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2012; 21(1): 57–61
Keywords: intracerebral hemorrhage, hemorrhage risk factors, causes of hemorrhages, subarachnoid hemorrhage

Abstract

Objectives. The aim of this article is to discuss epidemiological problems connected with non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH). Non-traumatic ICH strokes constitute around 10% of all cerebral strokes, while the remaining are subarachnoid hemorrhage strokes (about 5%), and ischemic strokes (about 85%).
Review. The article presents an overview of risk factors and causes for intracerebral hemorrhage in the context of their epidemiological impact. Although hemorrhagic strokes occur approximately five times less often than do ischemic strokes, the mortality rates for intracerebral hemorrhages remain alarmingly high.
Conclusions. Under the circumstances, the need for a thorough epidemiological analysis of major risk factors for hemorrhages becomes vital, so that the incidence of intracerebral hemorrhages might be reduced through preventive actions.

Address for correspondence:
lek. Adam Perenc
Oddział Neurologii z Pododdziałem Leczenia Udaru Mózgu, Szpital Wojewódzki nr 2 w Rzeszowie
ul. Lwowska 60, 35-301 Rzeszów
tel. 17 866 45 02, 17 866 45 06, 17 866 44 01