2012 issue 3

Back

Volume 21, issue 3

Original article

Anxiety levels in women in the perioperative period

Magdalena Lewicka1, Marta Makara-Studzińska2, Magdalena Sulima1, Grzegorz Bakalczuk1, Katarzyna Kanadys1, Henryk Wiktor1
1. Zakład Położnictwa, Ginekologii i Pielęgniarstwa Położniczo-Ginekologicznego, Wydział Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Lublin
2. Samodzielna Pracownia Zdrowia Psychicznego, Wydział Pielęgniarstwa i Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Lublin
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2012; 21(3): 183–189
Keywords: anxiety, perioperative period, gynecological surgery

Abstract

Objectives. The assessment of anxiety level in women receiving surgery in the gynecology department is an important component of the medical and nursing diagnoses. It may allow us to better understand the patients' needs in the perioperative period. The aim of the study was to measure the severity of perioperative anxiety in women treated in the gynecology department.
Methods. Participants in the study were 232 women receiving surgery to treat various gynecologic conditions. The sample inclusion criterion was absence of any mental disorders diagnosed earlier. The Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used.
Results. The state anxiety level was significantly lower (p < 0.05) both before and after surgery in the age group under 40 years than in the groups aged 41‒50 and over 50 years. The state anxiety level in the perioperative period was significantly higher (p < 0.05) in women with either primary or vocational education than among women with secondary or university education.
Conclusions. An early assessment of anxiety level in female patients treated surgically for gynecologic conditions allows to identify those who require psychoeducational interventions. Implementation of such procedures may help to optimize the nursing care process and to increase patient satisfaction with the treatment received, leading to a higher rating of the facility providing medical services in the perioperative period.

Address for correspondence:
dr n. med. Magdalena Lewicka
Zakład Położnictwa, Ginekologii i Pielęgniarstwa Położniczo-Ginekologicznego UM
ul. Chodźki 6, 20-093 Lublin
tel. (81) 718 75 11
e-mail: m.lewicka@umlub.pl