2012 issue 4

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Volume 21, issue 4

Review article

Neurocognitive correlates of pediatric diabetes type 1

Joanna Fryt1, Władysława Pilecka2
1. Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny, Kraków
2. Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2012; 21(4): 283–291
Keywords: type 1 diabetes, cognitive impairments, behavioral control, diabetes complications

Abstract

Objective. The article presents current directions in research on neurocognitive correlates of type 1 diabetes in children.
Review. Research findings concerning cognitive functioning in children with diabetes are presented, including impairments of memory, attention, executive functions, and behavioral control. Moreover, risk factors for such impairments of children' functioning are outlined, such as hypo-, hyperglycemia and early onset of illness.
Conclusions. Better understanding of neurophysiologic mechanisms underlying cognitive dysfunctions, of their impact on diabetic children' daily functioning and on attaining optimal illness control seems to be of major clinical importance.

Address for correspondence:
dr Joanna Fryt
Katedra Psychologii, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. K.E.N w Krakowie
ul. Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków
tel. (12) 662 62 29
e-mail: asiafryt@gmail.com