2013 issue 1

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Volume 22, issue 1

Review article

Sleep disorders among children and adolescents – selected issues

Bogna Andrzejczak1, Agnieszka Gmitrowicz2
1. Miejskie Centrum Zdrowia Publicznego, Łódź
2. Klinika Psychiatrii Młodzieżowej, I Katedra Psychiatrii, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Łódź
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2013; 22 (1): 61–66
Keywords: sleep, mental disorders, children, adolescents

Abstract

Objectives. The aim of this paper is to briefly review sleep disorders occurring among children and adolescents.
Review. In clinical practice sleep disorders are seen by doctors of various specialties, including child and adolescent psychiatrists, since the onset of some sleep problems may occur in this age group. This paper presents sleep disturbances according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-2). Some diagnostic categories most prevalent in this population are described in more detail, e.g. the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, confusional arousals, sleepwalking, sleep terrors, delayed sleep-phase syndrome, narcolepsy and sleep disorders associated with mental disorders.
Conclusions. Sleep disorders affect the functioning of children and adolescents, often impairing their quality of life. Understanding of sleep problems, and in particular diagnostics of specific sleep disorders in children and adolescents should elicit increasing interest among physicians, since these conditions - if left untreated or misdiagnosed - may become consolidated and persist in adulthood.
 

Address for correspondence:
Bogna Andrzejczak
Miejskie Centrum Zdrowia Publicznego w Łodzi
ul. Klilińskiego 232, 93-133 Łódź
e-mail: bogna@andrzejczak.pl