2013 issue 2

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Volume 22, issue 2

Original article

Cognitive functioning in the hypomania/mania period of bipolar disorder

Julita Świtalska1
1. Zakład Psychopatologii i Psychologii Klinicznej, Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Łódzki, Łódź
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2013; 22(2): 121-128
Keywords: bipolar disorder, neurocognitive impairment, hypomania, mania

Abstract

Aim. The aim ofthe study was to compare the neuropsychological functioning ofhypomania/mania bipolarpatients and healthy control groups.
Method. Cognitive functions were examined in 30 hypomanic or manic bipolar patients aged 23-68 (M = 48, 18 women and 12 men) who fulfilled the ICD-10 criteria for hypomanic or manic episode (YoungMania Rating Scale score > 11). The comparison group consisted of 30 healthy subjects aged 23-71 (M = 46, 20 women and 10 men), matched in age, years of education and gender to the bipolar group. A neuropsychological battery assessed executive functions and working memory.
Results. The bipolar patients in a hypomanic or manic episode revealed severe neuropsychological deficits in working memory and executive functions in comparison to the healthy control group.
Conclusions. Neuropsychological dysfunctions were observed during manic or hypomanic states. They should be considered in diagnosis and neuropsychological treatment.

Address for correspondence:
Dr Julita Świtalska
Zakład Psychopatologii i Psychologii Klinicznej, Instytut Psychologii, Uniwersytet Łódzki
ul. Smugowa 10/12, 91-433 Łódź
e-mail: julitaswitalska@tlen.pl