2013 issue 2

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Volume 22, issue 2

Review article

Type A behaviour as a predictor of ischemic heart disease – is it still a current problem?

Dawid Miśkowiec1, Paulina Kwarta2, Andrzej Witusik3, Tadeusz Pietras4
1. Wydział Lekarski, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Łódź (student)
2. Fundacja Pomocy Dzieciom „Jaś i Małgosia, Łódź
3. Pracownia Psychologii, Instytut Nauk Pedagogicznych, Uniwersytet Jana Kochanowskiego, Kielce
4. Klinika Pneumonologii i Alergologii, Instytut Medycyny Wewnętrznej, Uniwersytet Medyczny, Łódź
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2013; 22(2): 129-136
Keywords: personality, type A, somatic diseases, ischaemic heart disease, type DS

Abstract

Aim. The purpose of the study was a systematic review of the literature in order to present the current view on the impact of type A behavior pattern (type A personality, TAP) on the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD).
Review. Cardiovascular disease and above all the IHD have become a plague of our age. They have been for a long time the major cause of death and permanent disability in the world. The etiopathogenesis of IHD is extremely complex. There are many generally accepted somatic risk factors for IHD, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity or diabetes. However, the role of some behavioural risk factors for IHD, such as the presence of some personality features, is still being discussed.
Conclusions. An overview of the literature indicates that the concept of the TAP concept has lost its actuality. Current views on the relationship between personality traits and risk of IHD focus on the new concept of personality type D.

Address for correspondence:
mgr Paulina Kwarta
Fundacja Pomocy Dzieciom „Jaś i Małgosia"
ul. Tatrzańska 105, 93-279 Łódź
tel./fax: 42 643 46 70
e-mail: paulina_kwarta@poczta.onet.pl