2013 issue 2

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Volume 22, issue 2

Original article

Worry proneness, worry beliefs and personality – analysis of mutual relations and sex differences

Andrzej Solarz1,2, Konrad Janowski3
1. Katedra Psychologii Osobowości, Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Lublin
2. Ośrodek Terapii w Środowisku, I Klinika Psychiatryczna, Instytut Psychiatrii i Neurologii, Warszawa
3. Wydział Psychologii, Wyższa Szkoła Finansów i Zarządzania, Warszawa
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2013; 22(2): 103-112
Keywords: worry, beliefs about worry, personality treats

Abstract

Aim. The aim ofthe study was to investigate relations betweenpersonality, worry beliefs and worryproneness, taking sex differences into account. 115 university students (53 women and 62 men) were questioned.
Methods. Penn State Worry Questionnaire, Worry Beliefs Questionnaire and Revised NEO Personality Inventory.
Results. Significant positive correlations between worry proneness and neuroticism and its components were revealed, both in men and in women. Worry proneness was also positively correlated with self-discipline in groups of men and women. Worry proneness was negatively correlated with extraversion, sociability, assertiveness, values and competence in men, but not in women. Worry proneness was negatively correlated with compliance in women, but not in men. Worry proneness was also related to worry beliefs, but correlations were significant only among men. Subjects with different levels of worry proneness differed in intensity of personality traits.
Conclusions. The results of this study reveal several practical applications, especially for the psychotherapy of problematic worry. Psychotherapy focused on the modification of personality traits should be oriented towards different traits in men and in women. Psychotherapy focused on the modification of dysfunctional worry beliefs can be more effective in men than in women. The limitations of the study must be considered when interpreting the findings of this study. The study sample was not representative of the population, because it was selected from a specific group (university students). The results are, therefore, not generalizable to the broader population. The correlational character of the study obstructs any interpretation of causal relationships among personality traits, worry proneness and worry beliefs.

Address for correspondence:
Mgr Andrzej Solarz
Ośrodek Terapii w Środowisku I Kliniki Psychiatrycznej Instytutu Psychiatrii i Neurologii
ul. Grottgera 25a, 00-785 Warszawa
tel. 22 84 18 728
e-mail: a.andrzejsolarz@gmail.com