2013 issue 4


Volume 22, issue 4

Original article

Acceptance of illness, beliefs about pain control and coping strategies among patients scheduled for surgery for osteoarthritis of the spine

Paweł Zielazny1, Przemysław Biedrowski2, Małgorzata Lezner2, Barbara Uzdrowska4, Aneta Błaszczyk4, Marzena Zarzeczna-Baran3
1. Klinika Alergologii, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny, Gdańsk
2. Oddział Neurochirurgii, Pomorskie Centrum Traumatologii, Gdańsk
3. Zdrowia Publicznego, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny, Gdańsk
4. lack of affiliation
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2013; 22 (4): 251-258
Keywords: pain, acceptance of illness, pain control, coping with pain, spondylarthrosis


Objective. Degenerative diseases of the spine are a serious medical, psychological and social problem. The main symptom of spinal degeneration is pain, which aflects the level of acceptance of the disease, the level ofpain control and strategies for coping with pain. The aim of this study was to assess the degree of acceptance of the disease, as well as of beliefs about pain control and coping strategies among patients scheduled for elective surgery because of degenerative diseases of the spine.
Method. The study was conducted on 60 patients of the Pomeranian Neurosurgery Trauma Center in Gdansk. The study used the following scales: Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS), The Beliefs about Pain Control Questionnaire (BPCQ), The Pain Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ).
Results and conclusions. Most of the subjects presented an average acceptance of the disease. The largest group ofpatients believed that the pain they felt was mainly influenced by medical personnel. Among the respondents, the most common strategy for dealing with their pain was praying and hoping, and a declaration that they were coping. The study showed no significant relationship between the level of acceptance of the disease and the locus of control ofpain and strategies for coping with it. It also revealed very few links between strategies of coping with pain and demographic variables.

Address for correspondence:
mgr Paweł Zielazny
Klinika Alergologii, Gdański Uniwersytet Medyczny
ul. Dębinki 7, 80-211 Gdańsk
e-mail: pawelz@gumed.edu.pl