2013 issue 4

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Volume 22, issue 4

Original article

Health locus of control, knowledge of illness and perception of recovery aiding factors among patients with bipolar affective disorder

Beata Anna Kulig1
1. Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II, Lublin
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 2013; 22 (4): 243-249
Keywords: bipolar affective disorder, health locus of control, recovery, recovery factors

Abstract

Objectives. The aim of this study was to explore relationships between health locus of control and patients ' knowledge about bipolar affective disorder (BAD) as well as their perception of factors aiding recovery.
Methods. The research involved 32 patients with bipolar disorder. The locus of health control was determined by use of the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale (MHCL). The respondents ' knowledge was evaluated on the basis of the questions concerning basic information about the illness, and negative and positive factors influencing the patient's health. Additionally, the perception of the recovery supporting factors was estimated by the Factors Aiding Recovery Questionnaire.
Results. An external locus of control dominates in the group ofpatients examined, and is manifested through the patients' belief that their health depends on other people, mainly medical staff. The conviction that one's health depends on external factors is linked with a belief that the patient's own involvement in the process of recovery and search for emotional support from others is of no significance. At the same time, patients disregard the significance of the impact of their own actions and competences on the recovery process.
Conclusions. In a group ofpatients diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the positioning of the locus of control may be a modifying factor, influencing e a patient's engagement in the process of recovery. This finding can be used when planning therapeutic interventions.

Address for correspondence:
mgr Beata Anna Kulig
Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Al. Racławickie 14, 20-950 Lublin
e-mail: beatakulig@onet.pl