2014 issue 1

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Volume 23, issue 1

Review

Techniques of behavioral therapy for chronic pain and their effectiveness according to the results of meta-analyses

Przemysław Bąbel3, Sławomir Trusz2, Anna M. Ziółkowska1
1. Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu, Instytut Psychologii, Poznań, Polska
2. Szkoła Wyższa Psychologii Społecznej, Wydział Zamiejscowy w Poznaniu, Instytut Psychologii, Poznań, Polska Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny im. Komisji Edukacji Narodowej, Instytut Nauk o Wychowaniu, Kraków, Polska
3. Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Instytut Psychologii, Kraków, Polska
Postępy Psychiatrii i Neurologii 23 (2014) 10–16
Date of publication: 27-03-2014
DOI: 10.1016/j.pin.2014.03.003
Keywords: Acceptance and commitment therapy, Behavioral therapy, Chronic pain, Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this paper is to discuss the behavioral techniques of chronic pain
management used in clinical practice and to review the results of meta-analyses of the
studies aimed at assessing their effectiveness. Review: Pain is the most common symp-
tom in medicine and chronic pain is a common disease. Behavioral therapy offers the
most effective psychological techniques for chronic pain treatment. The following three
types of behavioral therapies for pain are discussed: behavioral therapy based on both
operant and respondent conditioning, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and acceptance and
commitment therapy. Meta-analyses of the studies concerning the effectiveness of beha-
vioral techniques of chronic pain management are reviewed. Conclusions: The results of
the meta-analyses of the studies concerning the effectiveness of behavioral techniques
of chronic pain management clearly support their use in clinical practice.

Address for correspondence:
Instytut Psychologii Uniwersytet Jagielloński, al. Mickiewicza 3, 31-921 Kraków, Polska.
Tel.: +48 12-634-13-55.